Hyde Park is 350 acres (1.4 km²), together with Kensington Gardens (275 acres, 1.1 km²) that is in the immediate neighbourhood the parks have an overall area of 625 acres (2.5 km²). Hyde Park is one of the largest parks in central London, England and one of the Royal Parks of London, famous for its Speakers' Corner.It is the largest of the four Royal Parks. Free speech and demonstrations have been a key feature of Hyde Park since the 19th century. [55], In 1867 the policing of the park was entrusted to the Metropolitan Police, the only royal park so managed, due to the potential for trouble at Speakers' Corner. A further protest occurred a week later, but this time the police attacked the crowd. [33], Since 2007, Hyde Park has played host to the annual Winter Wonderland event, which features numerous Christmas-themed markets, along with various rides and attractions, alongside bars and restaurants. [42], "It consists of a screen of handsome fluted Ionic columns, with three carriage entrance archways, two-foot entrances, a lodge, etc. It is now open to the public, who can see a view of the parks from its platforms above the porticoes. [25], The Hyde Park Lido sits on the south bank of the Serpentine. The park has become a traditional place for mass demonstrations. In 1749, Horace Walpole was robbed while travelling through the park from Holland House. [15] It is believed to be the first road in London to be lit at night, which was done to deter highwaymen. [58], The bandstand in Hyde Park was originally built in Kensington Gardens in 1869, moving to its current location in 1886. The Rolling Stones headlined a concert (later released as The Stones in the Park) on 5 July that year, two days after the death of founding member Brian Jones, and is now remembered as one of the most famous gigs of the 1960s. It originally had a statue of the Duke of Wellington on top; it was moved to Aldershot in 1883 when the arch was re-sited. Hyde Park is the largest Royal Park in central London. [16][21] Work was undertaken under the supervision of Charles Withers, the Surveyor-General of Woods and Forests. This included many trees along the great avenues planted by Queen Caroline, which were ultimately replaced by limes and maples. Pink Floyd returned to Hyde Park on 18 July 1970, playing new material from Atom Heart Mother. [63] The gig was the Floyd's final live performance. Major events in the park have continued into the 21st century, such as Live 8 in 2005, and the annual Hyde Park Winter Wonderland from 2007. The park was established by Henry VIII in 1536 when he took the land from Westminster Abbey and used it as a hunting ground. [17], Hyde Park was a popular duelling spot during the 18th century, with 172 taking place, leading to 63 fatalities. It became a popular place for concerts in the 1890s, featuring up to three every week. Die Kensington Gardens grenzen direkt an den Hyde Park und wurden auf Wunsch der Königin Caroline im Jahre 1728 durch den West Carriage Drive getrennt. Hyde Park war in Folge Teil des Rutland Countys, Addision Countys, Orleans Countys und seit 1835 schließlich gehört Hyde Park zum Lamoille County. [37][38] An attempt to assassinate the Pope had been foiled after five people dressed as street cleaners were spotted within a mile of Hyde Park, and arrested along with a sixth suspect. Speakers' Corner has been established as a point of free speech and debate since 1872, while the Chartists, the Reform League, the suffragettes, and the Stop the War Coalition have all held protests there. Charles I created the Ring (north of the present Serpentine boathouses), and in 1637 he opened the park to the general public. [70], For the 2012 Summer Olympics, the park hosted the triathlon, which brothers Alistair Brownlee and Jonathan Brownlee took the Gold and Bronze medals[71] for Team GB, and the 10 km open water swimming events. A large crowd assembled along the Mall to see the Pope arrive for his address. Karl Marx observed approximately 200,000 protesters attended the demonstration, which involved jeering and taunting at upper-class horse carriages. URL: This page was last changed on 29 May 2020, at 05:07. They are of iron, bronzed, and fixed or hung to the piers by rings of gun-metal. It is divided from the Long Water by a bridge designed by George Rennie in 1826. In the late 20th century, the park was known for holding large-scale free rock music concerts, featuring groups such as Pink Floyd, The Rolling Stones and Queen. The May Day parade continued to be a popular event; Samuel Pepys took part in the park's celebrations in 1663 while attempting to gain the King's favour. [2] Following the Restoration of the Monarchy in 1660, Charles II retook ownership of Hyde Park and enclosed it in a brick wall. Der Hyde Park. [60], The music management company Blackhill Enterprises held the first rock concert in Hyde Park on 29 June 1968, attended by 15,000 people. [47], There are a number of assorted statues and memorials around Hyde Park. Der Hyde Park ist 1,4 km² groß, zusammen mit den Kensington Gardens 2,5 km² und somit größer als das Fürstentum Monaco. [41][45] The park now holds 4 acres (1.6 ha) of greenhouses which hold the bedding plants for the Royal Parks. [28] As part of the Queen's Silver Jubilee in 1977, a Jubilee Exhibition was set up in Hyde Park,[27] with the Queen and Prince Philip visiting on 30 June. [57] On 21 June 1908, as part of "Women's Sunday", a reported 750,000 people marched from the Embankment to Hyde Park protesting for votes for women. There are numerous cycle paths, and horse riding is popular. [59] Over a million protesters are reported to have attended the Hyde Park event alone. [16], Hyde Park's Speakers' Corner has acquired an international reputation for demonstrations and other protests[53] due to its tolerance of free speech. It still sees regular use in the summer into the 21st century. In 1982, four soldiers were killed in a PIRA bombing. Hyde Park is one of the largest parks in central London, England and one of the Royal Parks of London, famous for its Speakers' Corner. [2], In 1652, during the Interregnum, Parliament ordered the then 620-acre (250 ha) park to be sold for "ready money". The next year, the Italian Water Garden was constructed at Victoria Gate, including fountains and a summer house. The Serpentine is to the south of the park area. Though the police had closed the park, the crowd managed to break down the perimeter railings and get inside, leading to the event being dubbed "The Hyde Park Railings Affair". Jahrhundert, ursprünglich als sein privater Jagdgrund für Damwild. Baron Mohun was killed instantly, while the Duke died shortly afterwards. The park is divided in two by the Serpentine Lake. The design consists of a beautiful arrangement of the Greek honeysuckle ornament; the parts being well defined, and the raffles of the leaves brought out in a most extraordinary manner. The park was the site of The Great Exhibition of 1851, for which the Crystal Palace was designed. [16], One of the most important events to take place in Hyde Park was the Great Exhibition of 1851. [62], The British Live 8 concert took place in Hyde Park on 2 July 2005, as a concert organised by Bob Geldof and Midge Ure to raise awareness of increased debts and poverty in the third world. After the protests turned violent, three squadrons of Horse Guards and numerous Foot Guards were sent out from Marble Arch to combat the situation. [11] It quickly became a popular gathering place, particularly for May Day celebrations. The Lido and accompanying Pavilion was designed by the Commissioner of Works, George Lansbury, and was half funded by a £5,000 (now £318,000) donation from Major Colin Cooper (1892–1938). The headliners were Duran Duran, representing England, alongside the Stereophonics for Wales, Paolo Nutini for Scotland and Snow Patrol for Northern Ireland. [42] The Screen and the Arch originally formed a single composition, designed to provide a monumental transition between Hyde Park and Green Park, although the arch was moved in 1883. The dividing line runs approximately between Alexandra Gate to Victoria Gate via West Carriage Drive and the Serpentine Bridge. [54] In 1855, a protest at the park was organised to demonstrate against Robert Grosvenor's attempt to ban Sunday trading, including a restriction on pub opening times. [61], Queen played a free concert organised by Richard Branson in the park on 18 September 1976, partway through recording the album A Day at the Races. [3], Flowers were first planted in Hyde Park in 1860 by William Andrews Nesfield. The 2nd Viscount Weymouth was made Ranger of Hyde Park in 1739 and shortly after began digging the Serpentine lakes at Longleat. [12][13] During the Great Plague of London in 1665, Hyde Park was used as a military camp. The extent of the whole frontage is about 107 ft (33 m). [18] The Hamilton–Mohun Duel took place there in 1712 when Charles Mohun, 4th Baron Mohun fought James Hamilton, 4th Duke of Hamilton. Several duels took place in Hyde Park during this time, often involving members of the nobility. Visitors brought along placards, stepladders and soap boxes in order to stand out from others, while heckling of speakers was popular. Angelegt wurde der Hyde Park, der den Namen eines Herrenhauses trägt, unter Henry VII im 16. [73], There are five London Underground stations located on or near the edges of Hyde Park and Kensington Gardens (which is contiguous with Hyde Park). At the start of the English Civil War in 1642, a series of fortifications were built along the east side of the park, including forts at what is now Marble Arch, Mount Street and Hyde Park Corner. A scheme is available to adopt trees in the park, which helps fund their upkeep and maintenance. The park is divided in two by the Serpentine Lake. It is the largest of four Royal Parks that form a chain from the entrance of Kensington Palace through Kensington Gardens and Hyde Park, via Hyde Park Corner and Green Park past the main entrance to Buckingham Palace. The park is divided by the Serpentine and the Long Water lakes. [67] In July 2012, Bruce Springsteen and Paul McCartney found their microphones switched off after Springsteen had played a three-hour set during the Park's Hard Rock Calling festival, and overshot the 10:30 pm curfew time. Hyde Park is a Grade I-listed major park in Central London. [46] A rose garden, designed by Colvin & Moggridge Landscape Architects, was added in 1994. [4], To the west, Hyde Park merges with Kensington Gardens. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, Map showing Hyde Park and Kensington Gardens, http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=45205, Hyde Park Union: Documentary about Hyde Park and its speakers, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hyde_Park,_London&oldid=6963027, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. [16], During the late 20th century, over 9,000 elm trees in Hyde Park were killed by Dutch elm disease. The coronation of King George IV in 1821 was celebrated with a fair in the park, including an air balloon and firework displays. Major improvements occurred in the early 18th century under the direction of Queen Caroline. [16], Hyde Park hosted a Great Fair in the summer of 1814 to celebrate the Allied sovereigns' visit to England, and exhibited various stalls and shows. Leider wurde dieser 1936 durch ein Großfeuer zerstört, heute sind nu… Acts included U2, Coldplay, Elton John, R.E.M., Madonna, The Who and Paul McCartney, and the most anticipated set was the reformation of the classic 1970s line-up of Pink Floyd (including David Gilmour and Roger Waters) for the first time since 1981. Made of Cornish stone, it was originally part of a drinking fountain, though an urban legend was established, claiming it was brought from Stonehenge by Charles I. The route opened in September 2018 and is signposted and cyclists are segregated from other road traffic on wide cycle tracks. [16] The row was used by the wealthy for riding in the early 19th century. In clockwise order starting from the south-east, they are:[74], Bayswater tube station, on the Circle and District lines, is also close to Queensway station and the north-west corner of the park. 'Hyde Park', Old and New London: Volume 4 (1878), pp. His memorial to the author William Henry Hudson, featuring his character Rima caused public outrage when it was unveiled in 1925. [8] Through the Middle Ages, it was property of Westminster Abbey, and the woods in the manor were used both for firewood and shelter for game. Die Parkfläche wird durch den Serpentine Lake in zwei Hälften geteilt. [41], Following the construction of Buckingham Palace, the improvement plans were revisited. [29] In 2012, a major festival took place in the park as part of the Queen's Diamond Jubilee celebrations. The A4, a major road through West London, runs along the southeastern edge of the park, while the A5, a major road to Milton Keynes and the Midlands runs northwest from Marble Arch. The Cavalry Memorial was built in 1924 at Stanhope Gate. [39] They were later released without charge as police said they posed no credible threat. The first design was put forward by Robert Adam in 1778 as a grand archway, followed by John Soane's 1796 proposal to build a new palace adjacent to the corner in Green Park. The latter included a strongpoint where visitors to London could be checked and vetted. It has become one of the largest Christmas events in Europe, having attracted over 14 million visitors as of 2016,[34][35] and has expanded to include the largest ice rink in London, live entertainment and circuses. Im Jahr 1851 fand die erste Weltausstellung im Hyde Park statt. [65] Since 2011, Radio 2 Live in Hyde Park has taken place each September. [3] The park has been Grade I listed on the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens since 1987. The park is divided by the Serpentine and the Long Water lakes. The principal effect of the work was to sub-divide Hyde Park and create Kensington Gardens. The Great Exhibition of 1851 was held in the park, for which The Crystal Palace, designed by Joseph Paxton, was erected. Hyde Park is a Grade I-listed major park in Central London. [36], On 18 September 2010, Hyde Park was the setting for a prayer vigil with Pope Benedict XVI as part of his visit to the United Kingdom, attended by around 80,000 people. [50] The 7 July Memorial in the park commemorates the victims of 7 July 2005 London bombings. On the bill were Pink Floyd, Roy Harper and Jethro Tull, while John Peel later said it was "the nicest concert I’ve ever been to". [26][27], Hyde Park has been a major venue for several Royal jubilees and celebrations. [3], Transport within the park for people lacking mobility and disabled visitors is provided free of charge by Liberty Drives, located at Triangle Carpark. [76][77], By comparison, the combined area of Hyde Park and Kensington Gardens is larger than the, Bridgeman was Royal Gardener 1728–38; designed the, "House of Commons Journal Volume 7: 27 November 1652", "Sainsbury's announces Jubilee Family Festival", "Gun salutes mark Queen's Diamond Jubilee", "1982: IRA bombs cause carnage in London", "London Hyde park hosting annual family-friendly Winter Wonderland", "Pope tells Hyde Park crowd that 'they too suffer for their faith, "Not bad for a man maligned as a Teutonic hardliner", "Garden in London's Hyde Park is Britain's Holocaust Memorial", "An Act for the regulation of the Royal Parks and Gardens, 1872", "26 July 1866: The Hyde Park Railings Affair", "Not in our name : Marches and protests against the Iraq War", "Ten demonstrations that changed the world", "The Hyde Park free concerts (1968–1971)", "The story of Pink Floyd's Reunion at Live 8", "London 2012: Stereophonics play Hyde Park Olympic gig", "BBC Radio 2 Live in Hyde Park confirms some huge names", "Westminster Council cuts Hyde Park concert numbers", "Springsteen and McCartney cut off because of sound curfew", "The best of London 2012: Alistair Brownlee on his triathlon gold medal performance", "Alistair and Jonny Brownlee dominate London 2012 triathlon", "East-West Cycle Superhighway (CS3) – Tower Hill to Lancaster Gate – Route alignment", Map showing Hyde Park and Kensington Gardens, Hungerford Bridge and Golden Jubilee Bridges, Weymouth and Portland National Sailing Academy, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hyde_Park,_London&oldid=986917433, Parks and open spaces in the City of Westminster, Grade I listed parks and gardens in London, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 November 2020, at 19:17. For the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria in 1887, a party was organised on 22 June where around 26,000 school children were given a free meal as a gift. There is another fountain opposite Mount Street on the park's eastern edge. Queen Anne's Alcove was designed by Sir Christopher Wren and was moved to the park from its original location in Kensington Gardens. Jahrhundert der Öffentlichkeit zugänglich. "[56], Speakers' Corner became increasingly popular in the late 19th century. He had it moved to Sydenham Hill in South London. Edward Thurlow, 1st Baron Thurlow fought Andrew Stuart in a Hyde Park duel in 1770. [31], On 20 July 1982, in the Hyde Park and Regents Park bombings, two devices linked to the Provisional Irish Republican Army caused the death of eight members of the Household Cavalry and the Royal Green Jackets and seven horses. [68], Hyde Park contains several sporting facilities, including several football pitches and a Tennis centre. benutzt. It was undertaken by Charles Bridgeman for King George I, but following the king's death the following year, it continued with approval of his daughter-in-law, Queen Caroline. [72] The park has also hosted the ITU World Triathlon Grand Final. All these entrances are finished by a blocking, the sides of the central one being decorated with a beautiful frieze, representing a naval and military triumphal procession. [69], In 1998 British artist Marion Coutts recreated Hyde Park, along with Battersea and Regent's Park, as a set of asymmetrical ping-pong tables for her interactive installation Fresh Air. [58] A further series of demonstrations happened around the world, culminating in the 15 February 2003 anti-war protests, part of a global demonstration against the Iraq War. [a] During daylight, the two parks merge seamlessly into each other, but Kensington Gardens closes at dusk, and Hyde Park remains open throughout the year from 5 a.m. until midnight. [52] The sculptor Jacob Epstein constructed several works in Hyde Park. [16] Military executions were common in Hyde Park at this time; John Rocque's Map of London, 1746 marks a point inside the park, close to the Tyburn gallows, as "where soldiers are shot. [41], An assortment of unusual sculptures are scattered around the park, including: Still Water, a massive horse head lapping up water; Jelly Baby Family, a family of giant Jelly Babies standing on top of a large black cube; and Vroom Vroom, which resembles a giant human hand pushing a toy car along the ground. It is one of several TfL-coordinated cycle routes to cross the Park. Victoria remained fond of Hyde Park in the final years of her life and often drove there twice a day. [66], Local residents have become critical of Hyde Park as a concert venue, due to the sound levels, and have campaigned for a maximum sound level of 73 decibels. Paddington station, served by Bakerloo, Circle and District, and Hammersmith & City lines, is close to Lancaster Gate station and a short walk away from Hyde Park. It is bounded on the north by Bayswater Road, to the east by Park Lane, and to the south by Knightsbridge. Military and brass bands continued to play into the 20th century. The rise of the Internet, particularly blogs, has diminished the importance of Speakers' Corner as a political platform, and it is increasingly seen as simply a tourist attraction. Fast im Zentrum der Großstadt findet sich ein großes grünes Fleckchen: Der Hyde Park, der zu den königlichen Parks von London zählt.. Der Park ist einer DER Orte, um seine Freizeit zu verbringen: Auf dem See (Serpentine Lake) kann man Boot fahren, schwimmen, es gibt eine Anlage zum Bowlen, eine Pferdereitbahn und natürlich viel viel grünen Rasen zum liegen und Picknicken. Der Hyde Park in London war bereits im Jahr 1000 unter diesem Namen bekannt, als Jagdgebiet für den Monarchen wurde er erstmals 1536 durch Heinrich VIII. The supergroup Blind Faith (featuring Eric Clapton and Steve Winwood) played their debut gig in Hyde Park on 7 June 1969. It opened in 1930 to provide improved support for bathing and sunbathing in the park, which had been requested by the naturist group, the Sunlight League. All of the early gigs from 1968 to 1971 were free events, contrasting sharply with the later commercial endeavours. [41] A botanical curiosity is the weeping beech, which is known as "the upside-down tree". [2] To the southeast, outside the park, is Hyde Park Corner, beyond which is Green Park, St. James's Park and Buckingham Palace Gardens. Zur Shire Town wurde Hyde Park nach einer Rede von Joshua Sawyer vor der General Assembly im Jahr 1835, bei der es sich gegen Johnson und Morrisville durchsetzen konnte. Subsequently, Hyde Park has featured some of the most significant concerts in rock. CS3 also crosses Hyde Park Corner on its route towards Westminster and the City of London. [51], The Standing Stone is a 7-tonne (7.7-ton) monolith at the centre of the Dell, in the east of Hyde Park. [64], Acts from each of the four nations in the UK played a gig in the park as part of the opening ceremony for the 2012 Summer Olympics. The grand entrance to the park at Hyde Park Corner was designed by Decimus Burton, and was constructed in the 1820s. [23] A powder magazine was built north of the Serpentine in 1805. [44], As well as Speakers' Corner, several important mass demonstrations have occurred in Hyde Park. It is the largest of the four Royal Parks. Im Hyde Park fand 1851 die Weltausstellung in London statt, in deren Zuge der imposante Crystal Palace im Süden des Parks aus Schmiedeeisen und Glas entstand. [42], Popular areas within Hyde Park include Speakers' Corner (located in the northeast corner near Marble Arch), close to the former site of the Tyburn gallows,[44] and Rotten Row, which is the northern boundary of the site of the Crystal Palace. Charles I baute den Park weiter aus und machte ihn im 17. The gates were manufactured by Messrs. Bramah. The Queen and the Prince of Wales made an unexpected appearance at the event. The first protest against the planned 2003 invasion of Iraq took place in Hyde Park on 28 September 2002, with 150,000–350,000 in attendance. He restocked deer in what is now Buck Hill in Kensington Gardens. This frieze was designed by Mr. Henning, junior, the son of Mr. Henning who was well known for his models of the Elgin Marbles. A Metropolitan Police station ('AH') is situated in the middle of the park. [74], Several main roads run around the perimeter of Hyde Park. [7] The name is believed to be of Saxon origin, and means a unit of land, the hide, that was appropriate for the support of a single family and dependents. The group were not allowed to play an encore, and police threatened to arrest frontman Freddie Mercury if he attempted to do so. [40], During the late 18th century, plans were made to replace the old toll gate at Hyde Park Corner with a grander entrance, following the gentrification of the area surrounding it. It moved to the Serpentine Road when Park Lane was widened to traffic in 1961. The drive is still in existence as a wide straight gravelled carriage track leading west from Hyde Park Corner across the southern boundary of Hyde Park towards Kensington Palace and now known as Rotten Row, possibly a corruption of rotteran (to muster),[7] Ratten Row (roundabout way), Route du roi, or rotten (the soft material with which the road is covered). The band drew an audience of 150,000 – 200,000, which remains the largest crowd for a Hyde Park concert. Donald Soper, Baron Soper was a regular visitor throughout the 20th century, until just before his death in 1998. [16], The work was completed in 1733. It is the largest of four Royal Parks that form a chain from the entrance of Kensington Palace through Kensington Gardens and Hyde Park, via Hyde Park Corner and Green Park past the main entrance to Buckingham Palace. Park Lane is part of the London Inner Ring Road and the London Congestion Charge zone boundary. John Wilkes fought Samuel Martin in 1772, as did Richard Brinsley Sheridan with Captain Thomas Mathews over the latter's libellous comments about Sheridan's fiancée Elizabeth Ann Linley. The Crystal Palace was constructed on the south side of the park. "[19][b], The first coherent landscaping in Hyde Park began in 1726. On 26 July 1886, the Reform League staged a march from their headquarters towards the park, campaigning for increased suffrage and representation. [3], The park's name comes from the Manor of Hyde, which was the northeast sub-division of the manor of Eia (the other two sub-divisions were Ebury and Neyte) and appears as such in the Domesday Book. [7], Hyde Park was created for hunting by Henry Vlll in 1536 after he acquired the manor of Hyde from the Abbey. [22][c] The Serpentine was formed by damming the River Westbourne, which runs through the park from Kilburn towards the Thames. It opened to the public in 1637 and quickly became popular, particularly for May Day parades. [16] The public did not want the building to remain after the closure of the exhibition, and its architect, Joseph Paxton, raised funds and purchased it. The Battle of Trafalgar was re-enacted on the Serpentine, with a band playing the National Anthem while the French fleet sank into the lake. [2] Kensington Gardens has been separate from Hyde Park since 1728, when Queen Caroline divided them. High Street Kensington tube station, on the Circle and District is very close to Kensington Palace located on the Southwest corner of Kensington Gardens. "[43], The Wellington Arch was extensively restored by English Heritage between 1999 and 2001. [48] South of the Serpentine is the Diana, Princess of Wales memorial, an oval stone ring fountain opened on 6 July 2004. [14], In 1689, William III moved his residence to Kensington Palace on the far side of Hyde Park and had a drive laid out across its southern edge which was known as the King's Private Road. Hyde Park covers 142 hectares (350 acres),[5] and Kensington Gardens covers 111 hectares (275 acres),[6] giving a total area of 253 hectares (625 acres). 375–405. [16], There has been a fountain at Grosvenor Gate since 1863, designed by Alexander Munro. [9] It was enclosed as a deer park and remained a private hunting ground until James I permitted limited access to gentlefolk,[10] appointing a ranger to take charge. [32] A memorial was constructed to the left of the Albert Gate to commemorate the soldiers and horses killed in the blast. Der Park ist benannt nach Hyde Manor, einem alten Herrenhaus. The central entrance has a bold projection: the entablature is supported by four columns; and the volutes of the capitals of the outside column on each side of the gateway are formed in an angular direction, so as to exhibit two complete faces to view. It realised £17,000 with an additional £765 6s 2d for the resident deer. [30] On 6 February, the King's Troop, Royal Horse Artillery fired a 41-gun Royal Salute at Hyde Park Corner. [49] To the east of the Serpentine, just beyond the dam, is London's Holocaust Memorial. The two side gateways, in their elevations, present two insulated Ionic columns, flanked by antae. [75], Cycle Superhighway 3 (CS3) begins at Lancaster Gate, on the northern perimeter of Hyde Park. [41] Burton laid out the paths and driveways and designed a series of lodges, the Screen/Gate at Hyde Park Corner (also known as the Grand Entrance or the Apsley Gate) in 1825[16] and the Wellington Arch, which opened in 1828. [24] Another significant event was the first Victoria Cross investiture, on 26 June 1857, when 62 men were decorated by Queen Victoria in the presence of Prince Albert and other members of the Royal Family, including their future son-in-law Crown Prince Frederick of Prussia, later Emperor Frederick III. Further north is Paddington, further east is Mayfair and further south is Belgravia. The 1872 Parks Regulation Act created positions of "park keeper" and also provided that "Every police constable belonging to the police force of the district in which any park, garden, or possession to which this Act applies is situate shall have the powers, privileges, and immunities of a park-keeper within such park, garden, or possession.